OF OLD LOUISVILLE
Although pure examples of a particular style are often difficult to find
in Old Louisville, there are several predominant types of structures
captures the romance of medieval buildings. Most of the details on
these homes and churches emphasize vertical lines, sharply pointed
gables, tall narrow windows topped with lancet (sharply pointed)
arches. Most of these structures were built in the 1870's and
introduced into the united states in the mid 1850's and is very much in
evidence in Old Louisville. The Italian Villa symbolized an
important departure from previous residential styles because of its
asymmetry and flexible floor plan. Italianate homes are square and
rectangular shapes and lines with low-pitched or flat roofs.
Elaborate cornices and brackets can be seen along with square pillared
verandas. Italianate houses were built into the very early 20th C.
Renaissance Revival/Georgian Revival is
similar to Italianate in origin but more formal in appearance.
Homes, such as the Landward House, typically have monumental entrances
and can be dated from 1880 to 1900.
is named for Henry Hobson Richardson, a brilliant 19th century
architect. The term "Romanesque" comes from the use of
heavy rounded (or Roman) arches around doors and windows, as can be seen
in many homes in Old Louisville. The most elaborate of these
structures include towers and turrets, while others feature rounded
bays. The massive heavy quality of Richardsonian Romanesque gives
it a striking appearance. These homes were built between
1880 and 1900.
Queen Anne, imported to
the United States around 1876, became one of the most popular styles of
the Victorian era. The Queen Anne's feature beautiful ornamentation,
picturesque rooflines, and a variety of surface variations or
planes. Their turrets, towers, high chimneys, and oriel and bay
windows reflect the romance of the turn of the century. In Old
Louisville, the Queen Anne's were built between 1875 and 1900.
Chateauesque is a
French-inspired style characterized by steep-pitched gables and high
pointed roof dormers. An example is the grouping at Fourth
and Hill Streets. These were built around 1897 and have heavy
Tudor has identifying
characteristics of steeply pitched roofs, prominent cross gables,
decorative half timbering, tall narrow windows in multiple groups, and
massive chimneys. These were popular in the 19teens and 1920s.
Beaux Arts is
identified by a symmetrical facade with decorative garlands or floral
patterns. Walls are of masonry with the stonework joints
exaggerated. Most of these date right around 1900.
Craftsman and Bungalow
are a styles
with a low-pitched, gabled roof and a wide, with unenclosed eaves
overhang. False beams or braces are present and the porch is
supported by square columns or pedestals. More ornate examples can
date from the first decade of the 20th Century, but the form persisted
in various forms until the 1930s & 40s.
houses are those with each room directly in line with the other
before. The front and back doors along with the doors in each
room, are in alignment. If someone were to fire a shot through the
front door, and all doors were open, the shot would pass completely
through the house and out the back door. This description is not
the rule for all "shotgun" houses; some have rooms not in line
with each other.
is a representation of many Victorian styles in one dwelling.
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